Extended School Services

Squirrel holding a nut

Extended School Services in a Nutshell

704 KAR 3:390. Extended School Services 

KRS 158.070 (8) requires schools to provide additional direct instruction beyond the minimum school term for students in need of extended services. It also requires the Kentucky Board of Education to promulgate administrative regulations establishing criteria for the allotment of grants to local school districts to provide these services.

The major emphases of Extended School Services (ESS) should be:

  • To enhance the present level of performance of students who are having difficulty in one or more content areas.
  • To provide additional instruction to students who have been retained or are at risk of being retained, who are in danger of failing to graduate on time, or who are at risk of dropping out.
  • To close the achievement gap of low-performing students. Students should not be selected or assigned to receive ESS for disciplinary purposes or in-school suspension. 

ESS should not replace or substitute regular class instruction but should provide additional instructional time in a targeted content area with specific individual learning goals. ESS funds may be used to provide additional instruction during the school day if the district requests a waiver. 

Certified staff should provide instruction or regularly supervise noncertified tutors or peer tutors. Those teachers providing instruction in ESS Programs that are offered for academic credit purposes of promotion or graduation should meet the same qualifications as those employed in the regular school program.

Districts and their school boards should have policies in place that ensure that students who have a greater need, as determined by eligibility criteria, should be referred and selected first to receive services. Districts should also have on file written criteria for the selection of personnel employed in ESS and ensure that staffing decisions are made to best meet the needs of students.

Regular grant funds for use by school districts are available for 15 months through September 30 of the last year of the grant period. These funds may be used for instructional and support services, which may include salaries, transportation, professional development as it relates to ESS, instructional materials and supplies, student snacks and awards, parent training, and counseling services. Up to 5 percent of the district’s allocation may be used for administrative costs, 2 percent for field trips, and no more than 3 percent for plant operation during a summer program. All services should be rendered by September 30 and all expenditures paid by December 30. 

For more information, including details on state statute and regulations, as well as daytime waiver requests, visit the Kentucky Department of Education (KDE) website.



Project #: 120*

* = Corresponding Alpha Letter Listed on Chart Below